# IPU CET 2022 Syllabus (Available), Complete Subject wise Syllabus – Check Here

**Indraprastha University Common Entrance test** is considered to be the university level undergraduate engineering entrance exam held under the guidance of Guru Go bind Singh Indraprastha University**(GGSIPU).**

This exam is held per year through **GGSIPU.** This exam is not more than an opportunity to take admission in the undergraduate courses offered by a range of colleges and other private and government colleges and the students can register for the exam after the declaration of the exam form.

**IPU CET 2022 Syllabus**

Those students who are about to appear in the **IPU CET** exam must be knowing of the syllabus related exam. To get acquainted of the exam syllabus, you are required to know each section of the mentioned list of syllabi.

Since it is no rare to be known that any type of question may get asked in the exam so you are required to know each corner of what subjects are included in your syllabus on the basis of which students can prepare for the exam.

The authorities who undertake everything related exam is responsible for generating the syllabus of **IPU CET** **2022.** Through syllabus, the students are to get identified to each topic of **Physics, Chemistry,** and **Mathematics.**

For the Biotechnology section, the syllabus includes the topics as per CBSE OF **11 ^{th}** and

**12**So, it is possible to get prepared for the exam with the help of syllabus. This article will make you familiar about the syllabus of

^{th}.**IPU CET 2022**so anyone willing to appear for the exam must go through the given syllabus,

The syllabus includes the three-section s that are as follows- **Mathematics, Physics,** and **Chemistry.** The syllabus pattern will be identical to the syllabus from CBSE of 10 and **12 ^{th}** class. You will get to know more of the syllabus when the exam notification declares and the colleges offer the thorough curriculum.

You are to go to each section step-by-step to know about each and every topic included in a syllabus. Before you prepare for the exam, it is suggested to the students to read the topics and chapters well given in the list.

**The Syllabus for IPU CET 2022 is given below in brief:**

**Mathematics Syllabus**

- Sets and Functions
- Algebra
- Coordinate Geometry
- Calculus
- Statistics and Probability etc.

**Chemistry Syllabus**

- Physical Chemistry
- Organic chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry

**Physics Syllabus**

- Physical World and Measurement
- Kinematics
- Law of Motion
- Work, Energy, and Power
- Gravitation
- Properties of Bulk Matter
- Thermodynamics
- The behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
- Oscillations and Waves etc.

**IPU CET 2022 Syllabus for B.Tech CET (Course Code – 131)**

Name of Subjects |
Percentage of questions covered in paper |

Physics | 33.33% |

Chemistry | 33.33% |

Mathematics | 33.33% |

## IPU CET 2022 Syllabus for B.Tech in Biotechnology (Course Code – 130)

Name of the Subjects |
Percentage of questions covered in paper |

Physics | Up to 12th Level – (20%) |

Chemistry | Up to 12th Level – (20%) |

Mathematics | Up to 10th Level – (20%) |

Biology (Botany and Zoology) | Up to 12th Level – (40%) |

Biotechnology | Up to 12th Level – (40%) |

## Semester wise Bachelor of Technology **(B.tech) Degree Syllabus**

**First Semester Examination**

**Theory Paper**

Code No. |
Paper |
L |
T/P |
Credits |

ETMA 101 | Applied Mathematics – I | 3 | 1 | 4 |

ETPH 103 | Applied Physics – I | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETCH 105 | Engineering Chemistry | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETME 107 | Manufacturing Process | 2 | 0 | 2 |

ETCS 109 | Introduction to Computers and Auto CAD | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETEL 111 | Communication Skills – I | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETEL 113 | Impact of Science & Technology on Society | 1 | 0 | 1 |

**Practical/viva voce**

Code No. |
Paper |
L |
T/P |
Credits |

ETPH 151 | Applied Physics Lab. – I | – | 2 | 1 |

ETCH 153 | Engineering Chemistry Lab. | – | 2 | 1 |

ETCS 155 | Introduction to Auto CAD Office Automation and Web Design | 3 | 2 | |

ETME 157 | Workshop Practice | – | 3 | 2 |

ETME 159 | Engineering Graphics Lab. | – | 2 | 1 |

Total |
14 |
17 |
26 |

**Second Semester Examination**

**Theory Papers**

Code No. |
Paper |
L |
T/P |
Credits |

ETMA 102 | Applied Mathematics – II | 3 | 1 | 4 |

ETPH 104 | Applied Physics – II | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETCH 106 | Environmental Studies | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETCS 108 | Introduction to Programming | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETME 110 | Engineering Mechanics | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETEC 112 | Electrical Science | 2 | 1 | 3 |

ETEL 114 | Communication Skills – II | 2 | 1 | 3 |

**Practical/viva voce**

Code No. |
Paper |
L |
T/P |
Credits |

ETPH 152 | Applied Physics Lab. – II | – | 2 | 1 |

ETCH 154 | Environmental Studies Lab. | – | 2 | 1 |

ETCS 156 | C Programming Lab. | – | 2 | 1 |

ETME 158 | Engineering Mechanics Lab. | – | 3 | 2 |

ETEC 160 | Electrical Science Lab. | – | 2 | 1 |

Total |
15 |
18 |
28 |

## Detail Syllabus of Every Subject

Here you can get Detail syllabus of Every Subject and doing full Preparation.

**Applied Mathematics – I (ETMA 101)**

**Unit I**

**Complex numbers and infinite series:**De Moivre’s theorem and roots of complex numbers. Euler’s theorem, Logarithmic Functions, Circular, Hyperbolic Functions, and their Inverses.- Convergence and Divergence of Infinite series, Comparison test d’Alembert’s ratio test. Higher ratio test, Cauchy’s root test. Alternating series, Lebnitz test, Absolute and conditioinal convergence.
**(No. of Hrs. 10)**

**Unit II**

**Calculus of one variable:**Successive differentiation. Leibnitz theorem**(without proof)**McLaurin’s and Taylor’s expansion of functions, errors, and approximation.- Asymptotes of Cartesian curves. Curveture of curves in Cartesian, parametric and polar coordinates, Tracing of curves in Cartesian, parametric and polar coordinates
**(like conics, astroid, hypocycloid, Folium of Descartes, Cycloid, Circle, Cardioid, Lemniscate of Bernoulli, equiangular spiral).** - Reduction Formulae for evaluating, Finding area under the curves, Length of the curves, volume, and surface of solids of revolution.

**Unit III**

**Linear Algebra – Matrices:**Rank of matrix, Linear transformations, Hermitian and skew – Hermitian forms, Inverse of a matrix by elementary operations. Consistency of linear simultaneous equations, Diagonalisation of a matrix, Eigenvalues, and eigenvectors. Caley – Hamilton theorem**(without proof).**

**Unit IV**

**Ordinary Differential Equations:**First order differential equations – exact and reducible to exact form. Linear differential equations of higher order with constant coefficients. The solution of simultaneous differential equations. Variation of parameters, Solution of homogeneous differential equations – Cauchy and Legendre forms.

## Applied Physics – I (ETPH 103)

**Unit I**

**Interference of Light:**Interference due to division of wavefront and division of amplitude, Young’s double-slit expt., Interference, Principle of Superposition, Theory of Biprism, Interference from parallel thin films, wedge-shaped films, Newton rings, Michelson interferometer.**Diffraction:**Fresnel Diffraction, Diffraction at a straight edge, Fraunhofer diffraction due to N slits, Diffraction grating, absent spectra, dispersive power of Grating, resolving power of prism and grating.

**Unit II**

**Polarization:**Introduction, production of plane-polarized light by different methods, Brewster and Malus Laws. Double refraction, Quarter & half-wave plate, Nicol prism, specific rotation, Laurent’s half shade polarimeter.**Optical Instruments:**Ramdson & Huygen Eyepieces, Electron microscope.

**Unit III**

**Laser:**Introduction, temporal and spatial coherence, the principle of Laser, stimulated and spontaneous emission, Einstein’s Coefficients, He-Ne Laser, Ruby Laser, Application of Lasers.**Fibre Optics:**Introduction, numerical aperture, step-index, and graded-index fibers, attenuation & dispersion mechanism in optical fibers**(Qualitative only)**, application of optical fibers, optical communication**(block diagram only)**

**Unit IV**

**Mechanics:**Central and non-central forces, Inverse square force, SHM, Damped, undamped and forced Oscillations.**Special Theory of Relativity:**Frame of reference, Michelson-Morley experiment, basic postulates of special relativity, Lorentz transformations**(space-time coordinates & velocity only)**, mass-energy relation.

## Engineering Chemistry (ETCH 105)

**Unit I**

**Water Technology:**Introduction and specifications of water, Hardness and its determination**(EDTA method only)**, Alkalinity, Boiler feed water, boiler problems – scale, sludge, priming & foaming: causes & prevention, Boiler problems – caustic embrittlement & corrosion : causes & prevention, Removal of silica & dissolved gases; carbonate & phosphate conditioning, Water softening processes : Lime – soda process, Ion exchange method, colloidal conditioning & Calgon treatment , Water for domestic use.

**Unit II**

**Fuels:**Classification, calorific value of fuel,**(gross and net)**, Determination of calorific value of fuels, bomb calorimeter, Boy’s Gas calorimeter, Solid fuels – Proximate and ultimate analysis, High & Low temperature carbonisation, manufacture of coke**(Otto-Hoffmann oven)**, Liquid Fuels – Petroleum-Chemical composition, fractional distillation, Cracking – Thermal & catalytic cracking, Octane & Cetance No. and its significance, Power Alcohol, Analysis of flue gases**(Orsat’s apparatus).**

**Unit III**

**Gaseous State:**Gas Laws and Kinetic Theory of gases, Distribution of molecular velocities, Mean free path, Real gases-non ideal behavior, Causes of deviation from ideal behavior, Vander Waal’s equation, liquefaction of gases.

**Unit IV**

**Thermochemistry:**Hess’s Law, Heat of Reaction, Heat of dilution, Heat of Hydration, Heat of neutralization and Heat of Combustion, Effect of temperature on the heat of reaction at constant pressure**(Kirchoff’s equation)**, Flame Temperature

**Unit V**

**The Phase Rule:**Definition of various terms, Gibb’s Phase rule, Application of phase rule to one component system- The water system and sulfur system, Two-component system- Lead-Silver, FeCl_{3}– water, Na_{2}SO_{4}– water.

**Unit VI**

**Catalysis:**Characteristics, Types, and theories of catalysis, the concept of promoters, inhibitors, and poisons, Homogenous catalysis**(mechanisms of acid-base and Enzyme)**, catalysis by metal salts, Heterogenous catalysis**(mechanism of surface reactions).**

**Manufacturing Process (ETME 107)**

**Unit-I**

**Casting Processes:**Principles of metal casting: Pattern materials, types and allowance; Study of molding, sand molding, tools, molding materials, classification of molds, core, elements of the gating system, casting defects, description and operation of cupola: special casting processes e.g. die-casting, permanent mould casting, centrifugal casting, investment casting.

**Unit-II**

**Smithy and Forging:**Basic operation e.g. upsetting, fullering, flattening, drawing, swaging: tools and appliances: drop forging, press forging.- Bench Work and Fitting
- Fitting, sawing, chipping, thread cutting
**(die),**tapping; Study of hand tools, Marking and marking tools.

**Unit-III**

**Metal joining:**Welding principles, classification of welding techniques; Oxyacetylene Gas welding, equipment and field of application, Arc-welding, metal arc, Carbon arc, submerged arc and atomic hydrogen welding, Electric resistance welding: spot, seam, butt, and percussion welding; Flux: composition, properties and function; Electrodes, Types of joints and edge preparation, Brazing and soldering.

**Unit-IV**

**Sheet Metal Work:**Common processes, tools, and equipment; metals used for sheets, the standard specification for sheets, spinning, bending, embossing and coining

## Introduction to Computer System (ETCS 109)

**Unit I**

**Introduction to Computer:**Overview of Computer organization and historical perspective computer applications in various fields of science and management.**Data representation:**Number systems, character representation codes, Binary, hex, octal codes, and their interconversions.- Binary arithmetic, Floating-point arithmetic, signed and unsigned numbers.

**Unit II**

**Introduction to OS and Office Automation:**Concept of computing, Introduction to Operating Systems such as**DOS,**windows**2000/Xp,**UNIX, Client Server Technology, etc.**(only brief user-level description)**. Introduction to World Processing, Spread Sheet & Presentation software e.g.**MS-Word, MS-Excel, MS-PowerPoint.**

**Unit III**

**Introduction to Auto CAD:**Coordinate System,**2D**drafting: lines, circles, arc, polygon, etc., Editing,**3D**, Solid modeling, Rendering, Use of Auto CAD for engineering drawing practices.

**Unit VI**

**Web Technologies:**Introduction to World Wide Web, Search engines, e-mail, news, gopher, Audio & Video Conferencing, Internet Protocols: FTP, telnet, TCP/IP, SMTP, HTTP, Languages used for WEB Technology:**HTML,**practical examples using DHTML and Static HTML

**Communication skills – I (ETEL 111)**

**Unit I**

**Remedial Grammar:**Errors of Accidence and syntax with reference to Parts of Speech; Agreement of Subject and Verb; Tense and Concord; Conditional Clauses; Use of connectives in Complex and Compound sentences; Question tags and short responses.

**Unit II**

**Vocabulary and Usage:**Word Formations (by adding suffixes and prefixes); Technical Word Formation; Synonyms, Antonyms, Homophones, and Homonyms; One Word Substitution; Misappropriations; Indianisms; Redundant Words; Phrasal Verb Idioms.

**Unit III**

**Technical Writing:**Scientific Attitude and Impersonal Style; Plain Statements, Definitions; Description and Explanations**(of objects, instruments, Processes, Scientific Principles, etc.)**- Summarizing and abstracting; Expressing ideas within a restricted word limit; Paragraph Writing
**(Paragraph division, introduction and the conclusion, Variety in sentences and paragraphs)** - Interpretation and use of charts, graphs, and tables in technical writing.
**Punctuation:**Reading at various speeds**(slow, fast, very fast)**; reading different kinds of texts for a different purpose**(e.g. for relaxation, for information, for discussion at a later stage, etc.)**; reading between the lines.- Comprehension of Unseen Passages

**Unit IV**

**Text:** The following prose pieces from **Best Science Writing: Reading and Insights** edited by Robert Gannon prescribed text **[Hyderabad: University Press (India) Limited, 1991].**

**Chapter 2:****“After 63 years, Why Are They Still Testing Einstein?”**by C.P. Gilmore**Chapter 5:****“Star Wars: The Leaky Shield”**By Carl Sagan**Chapter 10:****“Chaos: The Ultimate Asymmetry”**by Arthur Fisher**Chapter 11:****“Bill Moss, Tentmaker”**by Robert Gannon**Chapter 12: “Totality – A Report”**by Michael Rogers

**Text Books: **Maison, Margaret M. Examine Your English, Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1980

- Sharma, R.S. Technical Writing. Delhi: Radha Publication, 1999
- Sudarsanam, R. Understanding Technical English. Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1992
- Gannon, Robert, Edt. Best Science Writing: Readings and Insights. Hyderabad: University Press
**(India)**Limited, 1991.

Impact of Science & Technology on Society **(ETEL-113)**

**Non-University Examination Scheme (NUES)**

There will not be any external examination of the university. The performance of the candidates should continuously be evaluated by an internal committee. The committee may conduct viva- voce at the end for the award of the marks.

**Applied Physics LAB -I (ETPH 151)**

**List of Experiments**

- To plot a graph between the distance of the knife-edge from the center of gravity and the time period of bar pendulum. From the graph, find
- The acceleration due to gravity
- The radius of gyration and the moment of inertia of the bar about an
**axis.** - To determine the moment of inertia of a flywheel about its
**own axis**of rotation. - To determine the value of acceleration due to
**gravity**using Kotter’s pendulum. - To determine the frequency of
**A.C.**mains using sonometer and an electromagnet. - To determine the frequency of electrically maintained tuning fork by Melde’s method.
- To determine the dispersive power of prism using spectrometer and mercury source.
- To determine the wavelength of sodium light by Newton’s Ring.
- To determine the wavelength of sodium light using diffraction grating.
- To determine the refractive index of a prism using the spectrometer.
- To determine the specific rotation of cane sugar solution with the help of polarimeter.
- To find the wavelength of He-Ne Laser using transmission diffraction grating.
- To determine the numeral aperture
**(NA)**of an Optical Fibre. - Computer simulation
**(simple application of Monte Carlo)**e.g. Brownian motion, charging & discharging of the capacitor.

* Note*: Any 8-10 experiments out of the list may be chosen. Proper error – analysis must be carried out with all the experiments.

## Engineering Chemistry Lab (ETCH 153)

**List of Experiments**

- Determine the percentage composition of sodium hydroxide in the given mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium chloride.
- Determine the amount of Oxalic acid and Sulphuric acid in one liter of solution, given standard sodium hydroxide and Potassium Permanganate.
- Determine the amount of copper in the copper ore solution, provided hypo solution.
- Argentometric titration one each by Vohlard’s method and by Mohr’s method.
- Complexometric titrations.
- Determine the heat of neutralization of strong acid with a strong base.
- Determine the surface tension of a liquid using a drop weight method.
- Determine viscosity of a given liquid
**(density to be determined).** - Determine the reaction rate constant for the 1st order reaction.
- Determine the cell constant of a conductivity cell and titration of strong acid/strong base conductometrically.

## Introduction to AutoCAD, Office Automation and Web Design 3 (ETCS 155)

**List of Experiments**

**Use Microsoft-Word to perform the following:**

- Send out an invitation letter to several people using mail merge facility.
- Create tabular data in word and insert graph to represent data.
- Create a Macro and use it in an application.

**Use Microsoft-Excel to perform the following:**

- Create a Macro and use it in an application
- Enter the name and marks of 10 students and perform various mathematical functions on it.
- Enter first-quarter performance of five companies and create a pie chart showing their shareholders in the market.

**Use Microsoft Power-Point to perform the following**

- Create a slide show on any subject of your choice using a minimum of five slides.
- Create a slideshow in operating sound.
- Create an animation using group, ungroup, order, textbox image insert, etc.

**Use HTML to design a Home page for IGIT using all the features of HTML like buttons, frames, marquee checkboxes, etc.**

**Use AutoCAD to do the following:**

- Use of Drawing & Editing Properties: Modify Object Properties and know-how of layers, colors and prototype drawing.
- Draw the line
**(Polyline, multi-line, linear line)**, polygon, ellipse, circle, arc, rectangle and use cross-hatching, regions, boundary, spline, donut, fillet and extent commands. - Dimensioning commands, styles, control scale factors, drawing set-up, grip editing objects snap utility commands.
- Projection of points, lines, and solids,
- Section of Solids
- Development and Intersection of Surface
- Isomeric Projections

**Create a WEB page containing hyperlinks to the pages having information about Science and Technology.**

**Workshop Practice (ETME 157)**

**Unit I**

**Materials:**Spectrography method for finding the composition of materials.**Wood Working Shop:**Making of various joints, Pattern making.

**Unit II**

**Foundry Shop:**Bench molding with single piece pattern and two-piece pattern.**Floor molding:**Making of bend pipe mold etc.**Machine molding:**Making of mold using Match-plate pattern.**Core making:**Making and baking of dry sand cores for placing in horizontal, vertical and hanging positions in the mold cavity.**Fitting Shop:**Learning the use of fitting hand tools, marking tools, marking gauge.**Exercises:**Jobs made out of MS Flats, making saw – cut filling V-cut taper at the corners, circular cut, fitting square in a square, triangle in a square.

**Unit III**

**Welding Shop:**Electric arc welding, Edge preparations, Exercises making of various joints. Bead formation in horizontal, vertical and overhead positions.**Gas Welding:**Oxy-Acetylene welding and cutting of ferrous metals.**Soldering:**Dip soldering.**Brazing:**With Oxy-Acetylene gas.

**Unit IV**

**Sheet Metal Shop:**Learning the use of sheet-metal tools, Exercises: Making jobs out of GI sheet metal. Cylindrical, Conical and Prismatic shapes.**Project Shop:**Extrusion of soft metals, Plastic coating of copper wires, Plastic molding.

## Engineering Graphics LAB (ETME 159)

**Unit I**

**General:**Importance, Significance, and scope of engineering drawing, Lettering, Dimensioning, Scales, Sense of proportioning, Different types of projections, Orthographic Projection, B.I.S. Specifications,**Projections of Point and Lines:**Introduction of planes of projection, Reference and auxiliary planes, projections of Points and Lines in different quadrants, traces, inclinations, and true lengths of the lines, projections on Auxiliary planes, shortest distance, intersecting and non-intersecting lines.

**Unit II**

**Planes other than the Reference Planes:**Introduction of other planes**(perpendicular and oblique)**, their traces, inclinations, etc., Projections of points and lines lying in the planes, conversion of an oblique plane into auxiliary Plane and solution of related problems.**Projections of Plane Figures:**Different cases of plane figures**(of different shapes)**making different angles with one or both reference planes and lines lying in the plane figures making different given angles**(with one of both reference planes)**. Obtaining true shape of the plane figure by projection.

**Unit III**

**Projection of Solids:** Simple cases when solid is placed in different positions, Axis faces and lines lying in the faces of the solid making given angles.CADD

**Unit-IV**

**Isometric Projection****Nomography:**Basic Concepts and use.**Text Books:**Engineering drawing by N.D.Bhatt**(Charotar Publications).****Reference Books:**Engineering Drawing by S.C.Sharma & Navin Kumar**(Galgotia Publications)**- Engineering Drawing by Venugopalan.
- Engineering Drawing by P.S.Gill

**Applied Mathematics – II (ETMA-102)**

**Unit I**

**Calculus of Several variables:**Partial differentiation, ordinary derivatives of first and second order in terms of partial derivatives, Euler’s theorem on homogeneous functions, change of variables, Taylor’s theorem of two variables and its application to approximate errors. Maxima and Minima of two variables, Lagrange’s method of undermined multipliers and Jacobians.

**Unit II**

**The function of Complex variables:**Derivatives of complex functions, Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Harmonic Conjugates, Conformal mapping, Standard mappings – linear, square, inverse and bilinear. Complex line integral, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Zeros and Singularities / Taylor series, Laurents series, Calculation of residues. Residue theorem, Evaluation, and real integrals.

**Unit III**

**Vectors Calculus:**Scalar and Vector point functions, Gradient, Divergence, Curl with geometrical physical interpretations, Directional: derivatives, Properties.- Line integrals and application to work done, Green’s Lemma, Surface integrals and Volume integrals, Stoke’s theorem and Gauss divergence theorem
**(both without proof)**.

**Unit IV**

**Laplace Transformation:**Existence condition, Laplace transform of standard functions, Properties, Inverse Laplace transform of functions using partial fractions, Convolution, and convolution theorem. Solving linear differential equations using Laplace transforms. Unit step function, Impulse function, and Periodic function and their transforms.

## APPLIED PHYSICS – II (ETPH-104)

**Unit I**

**Electromagnetic Theory (EMT):**Motion of Charged Particles in crossed electric & magnetic fields, Velocity Selector & Magnetic focussing, Gauss law, continuity equation, inconsistency in Ampere’s Law, Maxwell’s equations**(differential and integral forms)**, Poynting vector, Poynting Theorem**(Statement only)**, propagation of plane electromagnetic waves in conducting and non-conducting medium.**[No. of Hrs. 8]**

**Unit II**

**Quantum Mechanics & Statistical Physics:**De-Broglie Hypothesis, Davisson Germer experiment, wave function and its properties, expectation value, Wave Packet, Uncertainly principle. Schrodinger Equation for free Particle, Time-Dependent Schrodinger Equation, Particle in a box**(1-D)**, Single-step Barrier, Tunneling effect.- Qualitative Features of Maxwell Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics distribution, functions & their comparison
**(no derivation)**

**Unit III**

**Solid State Physics:**Formation of energy bands in metals, semiconductors, and insulators; intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Fermi energy levels for doped, undoped semiconductors and p-n junction; Tunnel diode, Zener diode.**Superconductivity:**Meissner Effect, Type I and Type II Superconductors, BCS theory**(Qualitative only)**, London’s equation, properties of superconductors & applications.

**Unit IV**

**X-Rays:**production and properties, Crystalline and Amorphous solids**(Brief)**Bragg’s Law, Applications.**Ultrasonics:**Introduction, Production of Ultrasonics**(Magentostriction and piezoelectric methods)**, engineering applications.

## Environmental Studies (ETCH – 106)

**Unit I**

**Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies: **Definition, scope, and important need for public awareness, introduction to the concept of green technology.

**Unit II**

**Environmental Conservation and Management****Forest resources:**Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forest and tribal people.**Water resources:**Use and over-utilization of surface and groundwater, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits, and problems.**Mineral resources:**Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources.**Food resources:**World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and over-grazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, waterlogging, salinity.**Energy resources:**Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources-green fuel.**Land resources:**Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification.**Resource Management**-Sustainable development.

**Unit III**

**Environmental Pollution & Control****Air Pollution:**Types of pollutants, source, effects, sink & control of primary pollutants- CO, NO_{X}, HC, SOx and particulates, the effect of pollutants on man &**Environment:**photochemical smog, acid rain, and global warming, CO_{2}Sequestration.**Water Pollution:**Classification of Pollutants, their sources, wastewater treatment**(domestic and industrial)**.**Soil Pollution:**Composition of soil, classification, and effects of solid pollutants and their control.**Solid Waste Pollution:**Classification, waste treatment and disposal methods; compositing, sanitary landfilling, thermal processes, recycling, and reuse methods. Hazardous wastes – Classification, radioactive, biomedical & chemical, treatment and disposal- Physical, chemical and biological processes.**Marine Pollution:**Causes, effects, and control of marine pollution, coastal zone management.

**Unit IV**

**Chemical Toxicology:**Toxic chemicals in the environment, Impact of toxic chemicals on enzymes, biochemical effects of arsenic, cadmium, lead, chromium, mercury, biochemical effects of pesticides.

**Unit V**

**Eco-Friendly Polymers:**Polymer synthesis, Environmental degradation of polymers, photodegradable polymers, hydrolysis, and hydro-biodegradable polymers, biopolymers and bioplastics, thermal degradation of plastics during recycling.

**Unit VI**

**Environmental Biotechnology:**Bioaccumulation, biodegradation, bioremediation, bioleaching, Biomethanation,

**Unit VII**

**Green Technology:**Introduction, Basic principles of green technology, the concept of Atom economy, Tools of Green technology, zero-waste technology.

**Unit VIII**

**Enviromental Management Systems:**Objectives, Components, Environmental Impact Assessment, Some important Environmental laws, Green bench, Carbon Credits, Environmental Management System standards-ISO 14000 series.

## Introduction to Programming (ETCS 108)

**Unit I**

**Introduction to Programming:**Concept of algorithms, Flow Charts, Data Flow diagrams etc., Introduction to the Editing tools such as vi or MS-VC editors, Concepts of the finite storage, bits bytes, kilo, mega and gigabytes. Concepts of character representation, Number Systems & Binary Arithmetic.

**Unit II**

**Programming using C:**The emphasis should be more on programming techniques rather than the language itself. The C Programming language is being chosen mainly because of the availability of the compilers, books and other reference materials.- Example of some simple C program. Concept of variables, program statements and function calls from the library
**(Print for example)** - C data types, int, char, float, etc., C expressions, arithmetic operation, relational and logic operations, C assignment statements, an extension of assignment of the operations. C primitive input-output using getchar and putchar, exposure to the scent and print functions, C Statements, conditional executing using if, else. Optionally switch and break statements may be mentioned.

**Unit III**

**Iterations and Subprograms:**Concept of loops, an example of loops in C using for, while and do-while. Optionally continue may be mentioned.- One dimensional array and example of iterative programs using arrays, 2-d arrays Use in matrix computations.
- Concept of Sub-programming, functions Example of functions. Argument passing mainly for the simple variables.

**Unit IV**

**Pointers and Strings:**Pointers, the relationship between arrays and pointers Argument passing using pointers Array of pointers. Passing arrays as arguments.- Strings and C string library.
- Structure and Unions. Defining C structures, passing strings as arguments Programming examples.

## Engineering Mechanics (ETME 110)

**UNIT I**

**Force system:**Free body diagram, Equilibrium equations, and applications.**Friction:**Static and Kinetic friction, laws of dry friction, coefficient of friction, angle of friction, angle of repose, cone of friction, friction lock, the friction of flat pivot and collared thrust bearings, Belt drive- derivation of the equation.

T1/T2 =e^^{e}and its application

**Structure:**Plane truss, perfect and imperfect truss, the assumption in the truss analysis, analysis of perfect plane trusses by the method of joints, method of section.**Distributed Force:**Determination of center of gravity, a center of mass and centroid by direct integration and by the method of composite bodies, mass moment of inertia and area moment of inertia by direct integration and composite bodies method, the radius of gyration, parallel axis theorem, Pappus theorems, polar moment of inertia.

**Unit III**

**Kinematics of Particles:**Rectilinear motion, plane curvilinear motion-rectangular coordinates, normal and tangential component.**Kinetics of Particles:**Equation of motion, rectilinear motion, and curvilinear motion, work-energy equation, conservation of energy, impulse and momentum conservation of momentum, the impact of bodies, co-efficient of restitution, loss of energy during impact.

**Unit IV**

**Kinematics of Rigid Bodies:**Concept of a rigid body, type of rigid body motion, absolute motion, introduction to relative velocity, relative acceleration**(Corioli’s component excluded)**and instantaneous center of velocity, Velocity and acceleration polygons for four-bar mechanism and single slider mechanism.**Kinetics of Rigid Bodies:**Equation of motion, translatory motion and fixed axis rotation, application of work energy principles to rigid bodies conservation of energy.- Shear force and bending Moment Diagram.

**Electrical Science (ETEC 112)**

**Unit I**

**Circuit Analysis:**Ohm’s Law, KCL, KVL Mesh and Nodal Analysis, Circuit parameters, energy storage aspects, Superposition, Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Reciprocity, Maximum Power Transfer Theorem, Millman’s Theorem, Star-Delta Transformation. Application of theorem to the Analysis of dc circuits.

**Unit II**

**A.C.Circuits:**R-L, R-C, R-L-C circuits**(series and parallel)**, Time Constant, Phasor representation, Response of R-L, R-C and R-L-C circuit to sinusoidal input Resonance-series and parallel R-L-C Circuits, Q-factor, Bandwidth.

**Unit III**

**Measuring Instruments:**Principles, Construction, and application of moving coil, moving the iron, dynamometer type, induction type instruments, the extension of the range of ammeter, voltmeter**(shunt and multiplier)**, Two-wattmeter method, for the measurement of power, Cathol-ray Oscilloscope, and Applications.

**Unit IV**

**Transformers:**Construction and Working principles and phaser diagrams of Single-phase Transformer, Emf equation, Equivalent circuit, Regulation and efficiency, and Autotransformer. Rotating Machines- Construction and working principles of dc motor and generator and its characteristics Applications of DC machines
- Construction and working principles of a 3-9-Induction motor, Torque-speed characteristics, and Industrial applications.

## Communication Skills II (ETEL 114)

**Unit I**

**Basic Concepts in Communication:** Communication as sharing; the context of communication; the speaker/writer and the listener/reader; a medium of communication; barriers to communication; accuracy, brevity, clarity, and appropriateness in communication.

**Unit II**

**Writing Skills:** Types of writings **(Expository, Descriptive, Analytic, Argumentative, Narrative, etc)** and their main features. Resumes and CV and Cover letters. Memos and Notices. Basics of Formal Reports.

**Unit III**

**Verbal, Non-Verbal and Listening Skills:** Elementary Phonetics (Speech Mechanism, The Description of Speech Sounds, The Phoneme, the syllable; Prosodic Features, Word Accent, Features of Connected Speech); Paralanguage and Body language; and Classroom Presentations, Hearing and Listening; Essentials of Good Listening: Achieving ability to comprehend material delivered at relatively fast speed.

**Unit IV**

**Group Discussion:** Use of persuasive strategies including some rhetorical devices for emphasizing (for instance; being polite and firm; handling questions and taking in criticism of self; turn-taking strategies and effective intervention; use of body language).

## Applied Physics Lab II (ETPH 152)

**List of Experiments**

- To determine the value of e/m of an electron by
**J.J. Thomson**method. - To determine unknown resistance of a wire by
**Carey Foster’s Bridge.** - To determine the internal resistance of the
**Leclanche cell**using a**potentiometer.** - To study the charging and discharging of a capacitor and to find out the time constant.
- To find the thermal conductivity of a poor conductor by
**Lee’s disk method.** - To study the Thermo emf using thermocouple and resistance using
**Pt. Resistance thermometer.** - To determine the velocity of ultrasound waves using an ultrasonic spectrometer in a given liquid
**(Kerosene Oil)** - To measure the frequency of a sine-wave voltage obtain from the signal generator and to obtain Lissajous pattern on the CRO screen by feeding two sine wave voltage from two signal generator.
- To determine the temp. coefficient of resistance of platinum by Callender & Griffith’s Bridge.
- To study the Hall effect.
- To determine plank’s constant.

## C Programming Lab (ETCS 156)

**List of Experiments**

- Write a program to produce ASCII equivalent of a given number
- Write a program to find divisor or factorial of a given number.
- Write a program to evaluate the following algebraic expressions after reading necessary values from the user

- (ax+b)/(ax-b)
- 5 log x-cos 30+ | x
^{A}2-y^{A}2i+sqrt (2xy) - (xA5+10xA4+8xA3+4x+2

- Write a program to find the sum of a geometric series
- Write a program to cipher a string
- Write a program to check whether a given string follows English capitalization rules

- Write a program to find the sum of the following series

1+ E2 + 1/3 +_____ +1/20

- Write a program to search whether a given substring exists in an input string or not and then delete this string from the input string.
- Write a recursive program for a tower of Hanoi problem
- The Fibonacci sequence of numbers is 1,1,2,3,5,8.. Based on the recurrence relation

F(n)=F(n-1)+F(n-2)for n>2

**Write a recursive program to print the first m Fibonacci number**

- Write a menu-driven program for matrices to do the following operation depending on whether the operation requires one or two matrices
- Addition of two matrices
- Subtraction of two matrices
- Finding upper and lower triangular matrices
- Trace of a matrix
- Transpose of a matrix
- Check of matrix symmetry
- Product of two matrices.
- Write a program that takes two operands and one operator from the user performs the operation and then print the answer
- Write a program to print the following outputs:

1 | 1 | |||||

2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |||

3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 3 | ||

4 | 4 | 4 | 4 | 4 4 | 4 4 | |

5 | 5 | 5 | 5 | 5 | 5 5 | 5 5 |

- Write functions to add, subtract, multiply and divide two complex numbers (x+iy) and (a+ib) Also write the main program.
- Write a menu-driven program for searching an sorting with following options:-

a) | Searching | (1) | Linear searching |

(2) | Binary searching | ||

b) | Sorting | (1) | Intersection sort |

(2) | Selection sorting |

- Write a program to copy one file to other, use command line arguments.
- Write a program to mask some bit of a number
**(using bit operations)** - An array of record contains information of managers and workers of a company. Print all the data of managers and workers in separate files.

## Engineering Mechanics Lab (ETME 158)

**List of Experiments**

- To verify the law of Force Polygon
- To verify the law of Moments using Parallel Force apparatus.
**(simply supported type)** - To determine the coefficient of friction between wood and various surface
**(like Leather, Wood, Aluminum)**on an inclined plane. - To find the forces in the members of Jib Crane.
- To determine the mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of a screw jack.
- To determine the mechanical advantage, Velocity ratio and Mechanical efficiency of the Wheel and Axle
- To determine the MA, VR, n of Worm Wheel
**( 2-start)** - Verification of force transmitted by members of the given truss.
- To verify the law of moments using Bell crank lever
- To find CG and Moment of Inertia of an irregular body using Computation method.

## Electrical Science Lab (ETEC 160)

**List of Experiments**

- Verification of
**Thevenin’s**theorem - Verification of Superposition theorem
- Phasor Diagram and Power factor of the LCR circuit.
- Measurement of Power and Power factor in single-phase Load using three ammeters/voltmeters.
- calibration of Energy
**Meter/Wattmeter/Voltmeter/Ammeter** - Two wattmeter method of measuring power in the three-phase circuit
**(resistive load only)** - Load test on Single Phase Transformer, Regulation, and Efficiency of Transformer
- Short
**Circuit/Open**Circuit tests on Single Phase transformer - Measure the armature and field resistance of a D.C. Machine
- Connection and starting of a Three Phase Induction Motor using directly online.

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Syllabus for ipu cet code-124 paramedical?