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October 03, 2013


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1. using passive sentences
2. presenting the stages with words like first, then, next, finally and so on.

- the stages come in a clearly defined order;
- passive voice used repeatedly.

Hello Simon Sir.
Please clarify my doubt about writing task 2 academic.
In questions like the one below,if i believe that the advantages preponderate over the disadvantages, then should i explain advantages in para 2 or 3. I have seen your every post since 2010.You write in para3 about the thing you argue for.The other view finds place in para2 .Is this always the case ? WHAT IS THE EXACT RULE ?Task Example :
Differences between countries become less evident each year. Nowadays, all over the world people share the same fashions, advertising, brands, eating habits and TV channels. Do the disadvantages of this trend outweigh the advantages?

Arush. There is no rule. You can do either one. Just make it clear which one you think is stronger.

hi Arush,

The question you gave I had which was really confusing for me as well.

However, Simon(good for him) explained very well. Here how you do it. (If you search you can find it)

I will try to answer your question with respect to you example.

In Introduction and conclusion section, you have to state you own opinion clearly.

For example,
It is true that many countries' culture and customs are becoming similar all over the world. Although this trend has some certain advantages, (opinion) I believe that the drawbacks outweigh benefits.

P1: On the one hand, advantages
P2: On the other hand, disadvantages

To sum up, (opinion) It seems to me that ...based (reasons) the drawbacks outweigh the advantages.

If you read one example after this, I hope everything will be crystal clear for you

I hope you find it useful.


The first 2 comments at the top of this page gave the right answer:

The 'special' language for process diagrams is:
1) passives e.g. information is collected
2) steps/stages e.g. at the first stage, next, after that...


Hi Arush,

Sjm is right - you can do it either way, and there isn't an exact rule about this. However, if you've noticed that I normally put the view I agree with in paragraph 3, then it's fine to copy that approach.

Thanks a lot SIMON Sir, Sjm , Eli.
I am glad that you clarified my query.

The following chart describes the process of collecting data via different channels to ensure the reliability of weather report.

The whole process comprises of four stages, starting from the incoming sources of information. After an estimated outcome is generated, it will be entered and stored into a technological devise such as computers. When it is well-prepared, it will be disseminated to the public.

To begin with, data is collected through satellite in the space, radar on the ground and drifting buoy in the sea. As long as this information is gained, a series of data processing will be followed such as analysis and forecasting. It is interpreted into visualised format including satellite photos, radar screen as well as synoptic chart. The speculative result will be saved in the computer once the analysis is done, and be ready to broadcast. The public can get access to this information via different forms of media- TV newsreader, radio and recorded telephone.

Thanks a lot Soha for your useful comments.
I appreciate it...


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