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January 08, 2015


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1. method of defence.
at risk of flodded
2. flood protection with and without stopbank.
3. Paragraph 3-4 has two discrete methods.On first, stopbank gate can be opened to facilitate excess water into the river and on the second,they measured the flood level in the past century.They built houses according to that data.
4. method of defence
risk of being flooded
key difference
in either case
bursting its bank
the solution is

hi simon.last lesson i saw

Introduction: paraphrase the question (rewire it in other words)
An overview: something in general
Paragraph 2: analyzing the first diagram.(including comparison)(with a stopbank)
Two paragraphs (3 and 4): write about the second diagram.(with no stopbank)

- How houses can be protected > methods of defence for homes
- prone to flooding > at risk of being flooded

- home is raised on stilts
- above ground level

- Paragraph 3: defence method with stopbank
- Paragraph 4: defence method without stopbank

4. Good vocabulary
- the key difference
- In either case
- act as
- a small mound of land
- prevent the river from bursting its banks
- beneath
- to drain off
- the solution is

how… -> two different methods
houses can be protected -> defence for homes
which are prone to flooding -> which are at risk of being flooded.
Two features: "with/without a stopbank" and "on stilts".
In two main paragraphs, the detail of method (with and without a stopbank) is showed for each diagram (Paragraph 3: picture 1, paragraph 4: picture 2). Both paragraphs also illustrate the detail of stilts.
buildings/flooding homes/the at risk homes/houses
act as a flood barrier
small mound of land
prevent river from bursting its banks
raise on stilts/ built on stilts/ put on stilts
floodgate beneath the stopbank
can be opened to allow…
drain off

Good analysis guys!

- how houses can be protected vs two different method of defence for home
-prone to flooding vs risk of being flooded
-presence and absence of stopbank
-construction of houses on stilts above the ground level
-the mechanism of function and the structure of stopbank
-How houses are protected against flood when there is no stopbank
- method of defence, being flooded, the key difference between, flood protection, home is raised on stilts above the ground level, act as flood barrier, small mound of land, prevent from bursting, pounding, drain off, to put on stilts,

1. paraphrasing in the intro
compare > show
be prone to > be at risk of sth.
houses can be protected
> defence for homes

1) difference: with and without a stopbank
2) similarity: on stilts

one picture one paragraph.

methods of defence for homes
at risk of ...
the key difference
flood barrier
river burst the bank
nearby houses
ponding drain off into the river

in this case/ in either case
as shown in the second diagram.

Hi Simon,

I am new to your blog. My exam is tomorrow. It's been too late that I found this blog few days ago only.You are a great teacher and your efforts are truly appreciated.
Thank you so much.

Thanayou for this sir

Thank you for this

Hi Simon,

I tried to give a refined thought out answer, it would be nice if you pointed if any of the following sounds sloppy to you:

1. I found two instances of paraphrasing:
1.1 “Prone to flooding” can be paraphrased as “at risk of being flooded”
1.2 “Methods of defence for homes which are at risk of being flooded” can be shortened to “flood protection”
2. If we are talking about the paragraph which starts with “The key difference between…” - stopbanks usage as well as building houses on stilts look like the main points of the paragraph.
3. The first paragraph describes the flood protection with the help of stopbanks and the specifics of using stopbanks, i.e. draining rain water through the stopbanks’ floodgate. The second paragraph describes flood protection without stopbanks.
4. I’m not sure about how good any of the vocabulary is for general use, but looks like all of the following words can be used in a variety of articles about natural disaster relief or flood-related news: “prone”, “an internal runoff”, “at-risk”, “a ponding”, “freeboard”, “berm”, “ground level”, “stopbanks”, “stilts”, “mound” and “drain off”.

Thanks, Alex

1-The diagram
2-show flood protection with and without a stopbank.
3-The first diagram shows how a stopbank acts as a flood barrier to stop river water from flooding home
and When there is no stopbank,
4-compare-at risk -in either case-barrier-mound of land

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