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August 22, 2016


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true = most of one side lay undamaged (question)

nearly all the starboard half
survived intact (passage)

TRUE is correct



most of one side = nearly all of the starboard half
undamaged = intact

what is the meaning of "half" here?

My approach is :
Keyword in question keyword in passage
Most nearly all
one side half
undamaged intact

Most of one side lay undamaged
nearly all of the starboard half survived intact.


"Because of the way the ship sank" is clearly not given! Is it chose to confuse the students?

But I will go for TRUE.

Most of one side Undamaged = Half Survived intact.

Most of one side = nearly all of the starboard

undamaged = intact

I'm confusing with "HALF SURVIVED". What does it mean?



Most of one side = nearly all of the starboard half
Undamaged = survived intact



"Most of" is the same as "almost all","nearly all" so it looks true to me, the starboard half refers to that side or that half of the ship.
lay undamaged= survived intact.


I'm sorry, this question will be not related to Mr. Simon's question.

"Wildfires are becoming an increasing menace in the western United States, with Southern California being the hardest hit area."
-----Cambridge IELTS10 test4

I don't understand the part "Caifornia being..." Why don't they like "California is being....or California has being "? I can't figure out by myself. Please tell me if you know the rule.


My understanding is:

after 'with', you cannot use verb. If you need a verb, it has to be a verb + ing.


It is a prepositional clause. We have gerund clause and many other types and they are all ways to connect to sentences but changes must be carried out to the forms of verbs. They originally were two sentences
Wildfires are becoming an increasing menace in the western United States
Southern California is the hardest hit area
When we connect these two sentences there is more than one way to do that. One of the is the one you wrote.
If you read through Simon's essays(especially task 1) you will find examples of using that type.


Thank you for your help, Lucy and Lana! I'll review that part. (^^)/

My answer is NOT GIVEN.
1> "the starboard half survived intact" at THAT time when the sank happened in the 16th century. It does not necessarily mean that "It lay undamaged under the sea" till recently at the time of recovering.
Because the ship might be damaged by undersea water current, by salt which possibly erodes iron component of the ship or even by shanks.
2> Moreover, the question 3 uses the verb "lay" in present tense which means that the ship have laid undamaged under the sea all over that period of time. This clue strengthens the explaination in 1>.


Key words:
Most of = nearly all of
one side of Mary Rose = the starboard
lay undamaged = half survived intact

Answer: True

Hi Simon,
I wondered if I could describe a person or a family in TV series? Like John Snow and STARK family?(Game of the Throne). Will that be ok? Thank you!






'Lay' is the past tense of 'lies'.



most of = nearly all
one side = the starboard half
undamaged = survived intact

Please ignore the part that says "Because of the way the ship sank" - this was mentioned earlier in the passage.

Ha Ha Ha.

Thank you, Simon. I was confused about "half survived". Now it is clear that this is "starboard half" instead of "half survived".

I also got a reference of STARBOARD HALF.

E.g. The starboard half of the wreck is better preserved than the port side, likely due to the starboard side's proximity to the shoreline and exposure of the port side to prevailing long-shore currents in the bay (Out of Many, One People: The Historical Archaeology of Colonial Jamaica,By James A. Delle, Mark W. Hauser, Douglas V. Armstrong).

I find the answer is TRUE. Most of= Nearly all; undamaged = intact ; ship sank = under the sea; half = one side.

True,keyword is intact


Im doing Cam Ielts 5, Reading test 1 Johnson's Dictionaries.
The answer to the question 1-3 is D, E, G. Can anyone know where the clue/evidence for D (answer) is?
I cannot find it

survive intact= undamaged
nearly all= most of

keywords :
intact = undamaged
most of one side : nearly of the starbord

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