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August 11, 2018


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**** Mr Simon **** TYPO
-> learn by trial and error

Thanks Csaj. Well noticed!

The list of vocabulary above,ideally, for band 7-9 essay targeting doesn't contain difficult words,but they are phrases and collocations which are naturally used by native speakers?


Yes, but what makes a word 'difficult'? Less common words are not necessarily 'difficult', just less common. To me, 'difficult' words are ones which are tricky to use correctly, such as: cost, work, phenomenon, pick up/off/out, put up with. That is, there are issues with singular/plural, countable/uncountable, variations in meaning, or choosing the right preposition or adverb.

Oley, in fact I would rate these little words as some of the most difficult to use correctly: a, the, will, would, could, shall, must.

For instance "as God wills" (with an 's'):


Thank you Sandi, I thought a difficult word that Simon mentioned is only equivalent to a fancy word .You’ve shed some light on for me.

Great insight Sandy, Do you have good references to learn how to use a, the, will, would, can, could, may, might, shall, must and others correctly? Thanks!


These words are commonly considered "grammar" words so most grammar courses will cover them. However it is hard to remember everything (see below**) and apply it all in a split second when constructing a sentence ; so in my view it makes sense to work at your listening skills until you can actually hear them in action, and simply copy the phrases in a similar context.

These words are often unstressed or shortened so they can be hard to hear. For example in the phrase "I'll let you know", it the 'll' is inaudible. Similarly, "'ve" for "have" can be hard to hear in some cases. So good listening is one approach.

**Here are sixteen different situations where "a" is used (under a2):

and the "zero" article:

So long and complicated I find it all too much to take in and apply.

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